• Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health, such as vitamins, minerals, and trace elements.
  • For human nutrition, micronutrient requirements are in amounts generally less than 100 milligrams per day, whereas macronutrients (carbs, fats, proteins) are required in gram quantities daily.
  • The minerals for humans and other animals include 13 elements that originate from Earth’s soil and are not synthesized by living organisms, such as calcium and iron.

Essential Vitamins and Minerals