Diabetes Type 1:
- The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown.
- What is known is that your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin.
- Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
- Type 1 is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though exactly what many of those factors are is still unclear.
Prediabetes & Type 2:
- In prediabetes — which can lead to type 2 diabetes — and in type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance.
- Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
- Exactly why this happens is uncertain, although it’s believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
- Being overweight is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, but not everyone with type 2 is overweight.
- During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy.
- These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin.
- Normally, your pancreas responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance.
- But sometimes your pancreas can’t keep up.
- When this happens, too little glucose gets into your cells and too much stays in your blood, resulting in gestational diabetes.